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NAB 2009: Top 25 Station Groups

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The tough economy has brought station sales to a screeching halt, say analysts, and that has kept movement among B&C's annual Top 25 station groups to a minimum.

“There's a stalemate,” says Bruce Northcott, principal at TV research firm Crawford, Johnson & Northcott. “I don't believe that the traditional evaluation process holds at this stage of the game. We'll learn how it's going to be resolved when the market takes over. Right now, buyers are trying to set the market and sellers are trying to set the market, and neither do. The market sets the market.”

Would-be station sellers are holding back—unless forced to sell due to crushing debt—because stations are perceived to be undervalued right now, although whether valuations ever come back to former levels of 12-plus times cash flow remains to be seen. Buyers are interested in picking up stations at bargain-basement prices, but are having difficulty finding banks that will lend to them even if they can convince sellers to sell. And everyone is waiting to see if the market has bottomed out.

“We've been approached by very wealthy individuals who say, 'Tell me when it gets to the bottom. I don't want to buy a station group at eight times cash flow only to see it drop to six or seven,'” says Larry Patrick, president of media investment firm Patrick Communications. “For the moment, the deal market is essentially closed.”

Prior to last September's credit crunch, some deals were still in the works. In December, though, Post-Newsweek's intended purchase of WTVJ Miami from NBC Universal for an estimated $205 million had to be abandoned. In that month, Young Broadcasting, which declared Chapter 11 bankruptcy last year, was forced to take KRON San Francisco off the market because it couldn't find a buyer. Young bought KRON for a record $823 million in 2000; today, it would be lucky to get $50 million for the struggling station, according to Patrick.

Other station groups are struggling to hang on. Tribune and Pappas joined Young in declaring Chapter 11 bankruptcy protection over the past few months, forcing Pappas to sell its stations to cover debt. Multicultural Television Broadcasting put four of its six stations in trust while the company waits to sell them to cover defaulted loans. And other once-strong broadcasters, such as Gannett and Media General, are furloughing employees without pay and laying off workers by the hundreds.

“There will be winners and losers,” Patrick says. “The groups that will win are the ones that invest heavily in local content, including newscasts and Web portals. The ones that lose are the ones that stop their local news, add more infomercials and show no connection to their communities.”

The difficult market is why there's little movement among B&C's Top 25 this year. Most moves were small, although Pappas departed entirely while Spanish-language Liberman Broadcasting joined at No. 25.

The Top 25 station groups in B&C's annual list are ranked according to the percentage of U.S. homes they reach. This potential audience reach is calculated in two ways: by total coverage and by FCC rules. Total coverage assumes the station reaches everyone in the Designated Market Area (DMA). The FCC, meanwhile, discounts by half the reach of UHF stations, those using channels 14 and above.

B&C ranks groups according to the FCC method but also shows total coverage, an increasingly important measurement in a TV landscape where the vast majority of homes get their broadcast programming via cable, satellite or telco. If a group owns more than one station in the market, the additional coverage is not counted.

BIA Financial Network provides the baseline data for this ranking. Each group's list includes wholly owned full-power stations and those run under local marketing or joint sales agreements. Digital subchannels, low-power stations, class A stations, satellite stations, translators and stations with only cable distribution are not counted. Only groups that own three or more stations are included.

1 CBS Corp.

35.48% coverage (FCC)
27 stations
38.47% coverage (total)
Sumner M. Redstone Chairman Leslie Moonves President/CEO Tom Kane President/CEO, CBS Television Stations

2 Ion Media Networks

(Private; Citadel Investment Group owns 100% of the company's voting stock)
32.42% coverage (FCC)
60 stations
63.81% coverage (total)
Brandon Burgess Chairman/CEO, Ion Media Networks

3 Fox Television Stations

(NWS; subsidiary of News Corp.)
31.20% coverage (FCC)
27 stations
37.22% coverage (total)
K. Rupert MurdochChairman, News Corp.Roger AilesChairman/CEO, Fox News; chairman, Fox Television Stations; chairman, Twentieth TVJack AbernethyCEO, Fox Television Stations
Dennis Swanson President, Fox Television Station Operations

4 NBC Universal GE

(Subsidiary of 80% owner General Electric; 20% owned by Vivendi Universal)
30.33% coverage (FCC)
32 stations
35.76% coverage (total)
Jeffrey Immelt Chairman/CEO, GE Jeff Zucker President/CEO, NBC Universal John Wallace President, NBC Local Media

5 Tribune Co.

(Private; Tribune Employee Stock Ownership Plan owns 100%; EGI-TRB, an entity run by Sam Zell, invested $315 million in the $8.2 billion buyout, which closed on Dec. 20, 2007. EGI-TRB has a warrant that would allow Zell to purchase 40% of the company's common equity)
27.55% coverage (FCC)
23 stations
35.48% coverage (total)
Sam Zell Chairman/CEO Randy Michaels COO Ed Wilson Chief revenue officer

6 ABC TV Stations Group

(DIS; subsidiary of Walt Disney Co.)
23.14% coverage (FCC)
10 stations
23.38% coverage (total)
Robert Iger President/CEO, Disney Walter Liss President, ABC Owned Television Stations

7 Univision

(Owned by an investor group including Madison Dearborn Partners, Providence Equity Partners, Saban Capital Group, Thomas H. Lee Partners and TPG Capital)
22.21% coverage (FCC)
45 stations
44.02% coverage (total)
Joe Uva CEO Ray Rodriguez President/COO

8 Trinity Broadcasting Network

19.63% coverage (FCC)
34 stations
39.25% coverage (total)
Paul F. Crouch Chairman and President

9 Gannett Broadcasting

17.17% coverage (FCC)
22 stations
18.14% coverage (total)
Craig A. Dubow Chairman/President/CEO, Gannett Co. Inc. David Lougee President, Gannett Broadcasting

10 Hearst-Argyle Television

(HTV; 75.8% owned by privately held Hearst Corp.)
14.95% coverage (FCC)
31 stations
15.85% coverage (total)
Frank A. Bennack Jr. Vice chairman, CEO, Hearst Corp.Victor Ganzi President/CEO, Hearst Corp.; chairman, Hearst-Argyle Television David Barrett President/CEO, Hearst-Argyle Television

11 Belo Corp.

13.25% coverage (FCC)
22 stations
14.22% coverage (total)
Robert W. Decherd Chairman Dunia Shive President/CEO Peter Diaz Executive VP, television operations

12 Sinclair Broadcast Group

12% coverage (FCC)
58 stations
21.54% coverage (total)
David D. Smith President/CEO

13 Cox Enterprises

10.10% coverage (FCC)
15 stations
10.35% coverage (total)
James C. Kennedy Chairman/CEO, Cox Enterprises Sanford Schwarz President, Cox Media Group Bruce R. Baker Executive VP, Cox Television

14 Raycom Media

9.92% coverage (FCC)
37 stations
12.39% coverage (total)
Paul McTear President/CEO

15 Local TV Holdings

(Private; owned by Oak Hill Capital Partners)
9.59% coverage (FCC)
17 stations
10.87% coverage (total)
Bobby Lawrence CEO

16 Multicultural Capital Trust

(Private; four stations—KCNS San Francisco, WMFP Boston, WOAC Cleveland and WRAY Raleigh-Durham—are up for sale)
9.05% coverage (FCC)
6 stations
18.10% coverage (total)
Arthur Liu Founder Lee W. Shubert Trustee

17 Scripps Television Station Group/E.W. Scripps

7.99% coverage (FCC)
10 stations
10.00% coverage (total)
Kenneth W. Lowe President/CEO

18 LIN TV Corp.

7.56% coverage (FCC)
26 stations
8.60% coverage (total)
Vince Sadusky President/CEO

19 Post-Newsweek Stations

(WPO; subsidiary of The Washington Post Co.)
7.44% coverage (FCC)
6 stations
7.44% coverage (total)
Donald E. Graham Chairman/CEO, The Washington Post Co.Alan Frank President/CEO, Post-Newsweek Stations

20 Media General

7.42% coverage (FCC)
18 stations
8.32% coverage (total)
J. Stewart Bryan III Chairman Marshall N. Morton President/CEO James A. Zimmerman VP, Media General; President, Broadcast Division

21 Meredith Corp.

7.16% coverage (FCC)
11 stations
9.08% coverage (total)
William T. Kerr Chairman, Meredith Corp.Stephen M. Lacy President/CEO Paul Karpowicz President, Meredith Broadcasting Group

22 Entravision Communications Corp.

6.95% coverage (FCC)
23 stations
13.48% coverage (total)
Walter F. Ulloa Chairman/CEO Philip C. Wilkinson President/COO

23 Young Broadcasting

5.82% coverage (FCC)
11 stations
5.86% coverage (total)
Vincent J. Young Chairman/CEO Deborah A. McDermott President

24 Nexstar Broadcasting Group

5.75% coverage (FCC)
49 stations
8.75% coverage (total)
Perry A. SookChairman/President/CEO

25 Liberman Broadcasting

4.80% coverage (FCC)
4 stations
9.61% coverage (total)
Jose Liberman Co-founder, President