Studios Finger International Content Thieves

WASHINGTON — The Motion Picture Association of America has come up with a list of the markets outside the U.S. “notorious” for distributing infringing TV and movie content, and distributors in Russia, Brazil and Switzerland rank highly among that group.

That list was in response to a request from the Office of the Trade Representative as it puts together its fourth “Notorious Markets List,” which “identifies online and physical marketplaces that reportedly engage in and facilitate substantial copyright piracy and trademark counterfeiting.”

Those distribution channels include so-called cyberlockers, or file-hosting services; links to other websites; peer-to-peer networks; BitTorrent file-sharing “portals;” and physical locations (kiosks, for example). The list is not comprehensive, the MPAA said, but is instead meant to suggest the scope of the problem.

On MPAA’s list of “notorious” infringers: and (Russia); (Netherlands); (New Zealand); (Germany); and (Panama, Switzerland and the Netherlands).

Peer-to-peer/BitTorrent: (various locations); (Switzerland); (Germany/Luxembourg); (Russia); (various locations); (Ukraine); and (China).

Linking websites (aggregators of links to content stored on other sites): (Canada); (Romania); (Estonia); Watchseries. lt, (Switzerland); (Latvia);,, Degraç and (Brazil); (Germany); (China); (Estonia); (Argentina); and (Germany). Usenet newsgroups have also become a venue for infringers as they evolved from text messaging to a means for transmission of larger media flies, the MPAA said.

John Eggerton

Contributing editor John Eggerton has been an editor and/or writer on media regulation, legislation and policy for over four decades, including covering the FCC, FTC, Congress, the major media trade associations, and the federal courts. In addition to Multichannel News and Broadcasting + Cable, his work has appeared in Radio World, TV Technology, TV Fax, This Week in Consumer Electronics, Variety and the Encyclopedia Britannica.