Frontier's Formula

NEW HAVEN, Conn. — As pay TV industry consolidation has condensed the list of top operators, a couple of the names in the top 10 are completely new ones.

One is Altice USA, buyer of Cablevision Systems and Suddenlink Communications, at No. 6.

The other is Frontier Communications, a regional phone company, at No. 8.

Buying former Verizon Communications and AT&T systems has swelled Frontier into the fourth-biggest local-exchange carrier in the country. More surprising, though, is its pay TV ranking, for having about 1.5 million video customers on its network.

Most of those subscribers came from this April’s $10.5 billion acquisition of Verizon operations, including Fios systems, in California, Florida and Texas.

Even as it is integrating the last acquisitions, which didn’t exactly go smoothly at first, Frontier is expanding video into other markets. It has stated plans to add video in 40 traditional phone markets over the next three to four years.

It’s a pretty big change for a company that only entered the video business because a purchase of Verizon phone properties in 14 states six years ago included three markets that offered Fios TV and Internet services.


Frontier has now fully embraced video, at a time when even some cable companies (notably Cable One) are pulling back in favor of more profitable broadband.

Durham, N.C., was the first new expansion location, switched on in February. Frontier also has applied for a statewide franchise in Ohio.

Frontier won’t disclose where the other new markets will be. In late June, though, the company applied in Middletown, N.Y., for a cable franchise to compete against Charter Communications-owned Time Warner Cable — Frontier’s first video foray into New York State.

The new video rollouts in non-Fios Frontier markets will use the Vantage IPTV platform Frontier provides in Connecticut to under 200,000 video homes (it doesn’t break the number out) and makes available to most communities in the state, with coverage continuing to increase.

“Clearly, Connecticut is a catalyst for our ramping up our video business across the country in copper markets,” as Mark Nielsen, Frontier’s executive vice president and general counsel, told Multichannel News. “Connecticut has presented us with a very valuable opportunity to deepen our expertise in the delivery of video over copper.”

Frontier is taking its Connecticut show on the road. And the executive in charge of the state agrees that lessons learned should pay dividends.

Ken Arndt, who oversees the state (and four others) as president of Frontier’s East Region, says the mix of Connecticut learnings, employee empowerment and an older history of making the most out of non-dense rural markets puts Frontier in position to be a successful multichannel-TV player.

“Connecticut was a huge opportunity for us,” said Arndt, 51, who’s been with the company since 2003 and has seen the game-changing acquisitions of the Verizon systems in 14 states in 2010; of the AT&T operations in Connecticut in 2014, for $2 billion; and of the latest Verizon systems this year.

“It not only provided technology that we didn’t have much experience with, and that’s the Mediaroom platform,” Arndt said. “It also provided us something more valuable, and that’s a workforce that understood how to use it.”

Frontier is a wireline-only phone company. As Kathleen Abernathy, the former Federal Communications Commission member who joined in 2010 as executive vice president of external affairs, pointed out in a recent episode of C-SPAN’s The Communicators, the wireless market is already crowded with big competitors. “In a perfect world we’d have it all, but we don’t,” she said. Scale was important to expand beyond voice and Internet into video, though, and Verizon and AT&T were willing to sell some of their markets. So we’ve had to invest, redefine, build and that’s what we’ve been doing with our acquisitions.”


Frontier has only been in the multichannel video business since the first, 14-state Verizon asset buy in 2010, for $8.6 billion. That purchase included Fios TV and Internet service in three markets: Fort Wayne, Ind.; Portland, Ore.; and part of Washington state.

That first Fios foray included some stumbles, notably a big rate increase in Fort Wayne in 2011 that prompted some subscribers to disconnect, as reported at the time. (Frontier then was headed up by Maggie Wilderotter, who left the company as executive chairman earlier this year. Dan McCarthy has been CEO since April 2015.)

Frontier experimented with IPTV around 2012, and then in 2014 bought the one-time Southern New England Telephone Co. assets in Connecticut from AT&T for $2 billion. AT&T had offered U-verse IPTV and broadband service in Connecticut.

Frontier continued with U-verse but, according to Arndt, AT&T was operating an older version of the Ericsson Mediaroom platform (which Ericsson acquired from Microsoft in 2013) and hadn’t upgraded it. The current version, 3.0, is “light years beyond,” he said, including improved visual search, wireless set-top devices and the ability to watch up to four channels at once in a mosaic.

In March, Frontier rebranded the IPTV system in Connecticut as Vantage and then promoted the change in May.

With Vantage came the introduction of a new feature Frontier said has become quite popular: the inclusion of Netflix service that shows up like a channel, a feature Comcast made headlines the other week by saying it’s agreed to add (and which TiVo-equipped cable providers also offer). No need to switch from the TV input to a different device to toggle from Vantage to Netflix.

“Within 15 days, we went to over 30,000 hours a day in Netflix watching” across the system “without even announcing it to customers — they just found it,” Arndt said. The figure has grown to more than 900,000 hours daily, Frontier officials said, citing data they said came from Netflix.

“Netflix is definitely a great partner,” Corine Wong, residential marketing specialist for Frontier’s East Region, said while demonstrating the Vantage product for a reporter.

Of the changes that came with the Vantage launch, “Netflix has gotten the best feedback because our cable competitors just don’t offer that,” she said. Vantage also has a social-TV component that shows up as a channel, enables the viewer to log into Facebook and see what’s being said on social media about shows while watching them, Wong said.

“We’re continuing to find ways not just to provide the functionality but to make it intuitive and easy for people to use,” Arndt said. “That’s where we’re going. The fact that it’s available is one thing — but to make it so that everyone can easily understand it and access it is the key.”

As Frontier continues to add new video markets, that means more and more content agreements to sign, retransmission-consent agreements to be reached with local broadcast stations and carriage pacts to negotiate with regional sports networks, among other items.

When Frontier switches over an acquired market, it does so with a “flash-cut conversion,” or a complete changeover all at once, instead of gradually over a period of months as, for example, Charter Communications plans to do in converting the former Time Warner Cable and Bright House Networks systems it has purchased.

The massive April conversion of ex-Verizon systems in Florida, California and Texas led to billing and account mistakes, widely reported outages and missing chunks of the former Verizon VOD libraries. Those no doubt will lead to a certain number of disconnects that could be challenging to win back. Problems also were experienced after the 2010 and 2014 conversions — this latest one actually went better than the other two, according to Frontier coverage by Sanford C. Bernstein.

Arndt said the downside of flash-cut conversions were on display with those customer problems, which the company worked hard to fix after the fact and which affected, it says, less than 1% of all acquired customers. The upside? “You get it out of your system,” Arndt said.

“The biggest [issue] you deal with on a conversion is this idea of garbage in, garbage out,” he said. “So if the records and the data are not perfect, which they’re not, you start dealing with situations. The good side of it is you get employees focused very quickly on our way of doing business. Get them engaged in the model and get them engaged in the business.”


AT&T had centralized call centers (closing one in Connecticut) and decision-making, but Frontier’s model is different. “We believe in decentralization and driving the decision-making as close to the customer as possible,” Arndt said. “Our call-center employees and our technicians in the field are the only two customer-facing organizations we have. If you’re not treating them differently, if you don’t understand and covet the skill sets that they have, you’re not going to compete very well.”

He said Frontier has added 400 to 500 people in Connecticut — including a call center in New Haven and, reopening, in 2015, a New London call center that AT&T had closed — “and it’s all meant to serve the customer better.” Thirty new employees are joining the New Haven call center, in the former SNET headquarters on Orange Street, on Aug. 1, Frontier said.

Frontier competes against Cablevision (now part of Altice USA), Comcast Xfinity, Time Warner Cable (now owned by Stamford-based Charter Communications) and to a lesser extent Cox Communications as cable providers in Connecticut. Company-wide, new Charter is Frontier’s biggest wireline video competitor, covering 46% of Frontier’s territories, according to a Sanford C. Bernstein analysis. “Cablevision was a very aggressive competitor and it will be interesting to see [Altice USA’s] new philosophy,” Arndt said.

Frontier said it has benefited on the subscriber side by the absence of the regional sports service YES Network on Comcast’s Xfinity platform during the current Major League Baseball season, including by some mutual promotions done with the network. “Through their extensive consumer outreach, Frontier has been an important partner in our eff orts to inform affected Yankees fans throughout Connecticut that other viewing options exist to watch the games on YES,” a spokesman told Multichannel News.]

Frontier also made a subscriber-acquisition play when it restored Hallmark Channel and Hallmark Movies & Mysteries shortly after taking over from AT&T in Connecticut. The channels had been dropped from U-verse TV in 2010. Frontier maintained the Fios programming lineups in California, Florida and Texas that were in place under Verizon. That meant signing contracts with many networks, mostly regional sports services and broadcast stations, that it hadn’t had before. Arndt said those content negotiations were “fairly uneventful” and that it was important to minimize changes for customers. Connecticut is costly because of the need to carry New York City and Boston regional sports networks, but Frontier’s negotiating position for networks has improved as the company’s scale has grown, Nielsen and Arndt said.

There are no guarantees Frontier won’t run into situations where it might drop networks, Arndt said, but it’s also looking for opportunities to integrate more apps into the Vantage platform. That could include app versions of existing channels — potentially offering HBO Go alongside HBO, he said.

“The makeup of our customer base will change,” as will their viewing habits, he said. “We feel we’re uniquely positioned with this type of a platform because we can integrate the IP.”

So what will be the keys to enabling Frontier to succeeding as Vantage enters new markets, takes on new content providers (and costs) and new competitors? Arndt and Nielsen pointed to the company’s investments in fiber-to-the-node networks that enable broadband service at 100 Megabits per second and streaming high-definition video at an efficient 2.6 Mbps. In Connecticut, the company also is building out fiber to the home “because that’s the beauty of Mediaroom, it’s transport-agnostic,” Arndt said.


“We reinvest in markets [where] other carriers don’t know how to unlock the assets,” he said. Frontier has said it is on a path to offering video to more than half of its customer base, up from about 30% of 14.5 million homes in 29 states. The strategy, per Bernstein analysis, is to retain and target price-conscious consumers with offerings priced below cable and go after business customers: Its business penetration was low in Connecticut and is relatively low in the newly acquired Verizon markets, according to Arndt.

Local employees, as in Connecticut, will have a say in local-market strategies, where to invest and which territories to target, he said.

“I view the incumbents now as the cable companies and we’re coming in with a product that technically in a lot of cases is going to be more advanced,” Arndt said. “The feature functionality will continue to evolve. We think we’re in a really good position. So we’ll be taking share.”

Kent Gibbons

Kent has been a journalist, writer and editor at Multichannel News since 1994 and with Broadcasting+Cable since 2010. He is a good point of contact for anything editorial at the publications and for Before joining Multichannel News he had been a newspaper reporter with publications including The Washington Times, The Poughkeepsie (N.Y.) Journal and North County News.